Terceira Cattle Dog
(Barbado da Terceira)
ORIGIN: Teceira Island – Azores – Portugal.
UTILIZATION: Cattle conducting dog by excellence, very agile
and lively, herds and
gathers cattle with great ease, also being used in handling wild
cattle. It is also very
efficiently used as a guard dog. Due to its pleasant character and
ease of train it is also a good companion dog.
CLASSIFICATION: Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: With the beginning of settlement in
islands, it was necessary to control and gather several species of
Several types of dogs, some of which used in the mainland to handle
have arrived to the Azores by then.
The “Barbado” probably evolved from dogs used in gathering wild
cattle brought by the settlers since the 15th century. It should be
kept in mind that over the next centuries many people travelling
with their dogs through the islands will have decisively influenced
the present Barbado.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Rustic, with a strong and well muscled
with long, abundant and wavy hair.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Sub-longilinear (sub-dolicomorph),
length slightly superior than height at the withers. Skull length is
slightly superior than
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: Loyal companion to its owner,
intelligent, easy to
teach, joyful, docile and wilful.
HEAD: Strong, proportional to the body. Parallel longitudinal
axes. Skull length is slightly superior to muzzle length.
Skull: Medium sized, slightly curved. The frontal furrow begins
approximately at the
posterior third of the muzzle, continuing to half the skull.
arches. Pronounced occipital protuberance.
Stop: Barely defined.
Nose: Large, cubical, straight. Well pigmented, black, brown
admissible in yellow and
Muzzle: Strong, cylindrical and straight at the nasal bridge. It is
wide with parallel
lateral faces. Well developed jaws. Terceira Cattle Dog (Barbado da
Lips: Firm, thick and well pigmented. Unapparent commissure.
Teeth: Strong, solid, well developed canines. Scissors or level
Cheeks: Lean with tight skin.
Eyes: Medium sized, semi-frontal position, horizontal, oval shaped,
intelligent. Honey to dark brown in colour. Well pigmented lids.
Ears: Medium to high set, triangular, medium sized. Hanging, folded
and hairy. They
are very mobile and when attentive raise at the base and fold
NECK: Medium sized, strong and well muscled. Well set into
the shoulders, carrying
the head with dignity.
Top line: Straight and horizontal.
Withers: Wide, conferring a good connection between the neck line
and the top line.
Back: Wide, flexible and well muscled.
Loin: Short and well set into the croup.
Croup: Robust and slightly sloping.
Chest: Wide and deep, reaching the elbows. Well sprung ribs, with
Bottom line and belly: Uprising, with slightly tucked in belly.
TAIL: Medium to low set. Docked by the third vertebra or
entire of medium size,
without reaching below the hock. At rest hangs and curves at the
inferior tip. Anurous is admissible.
FOREQUARTERS: Vertical with broad bones, well muscled and
Shoulder: Well developed and slant.
Scapula-humerus angle: Open.
Upper arm: Strong, with elbows close to the body
Carpus (Pastern joint): Strong.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Slightly sloping.
Forefeet: Big and oval with well arched toes and thick and hard
pads. Strong nails.
HINDQUARTERS: Robust and well muscled. Good angulations,
Thigh: Well developed and well muscled.
Legs: Long. Well developed.
Stifle joint: Closed.
Metatarsus: Strong, almost vertical, short.
Hind feet: Oval, tight and arched toes with not very pronounced toe
web, may have
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Agile movement with good propulsion, allowing
changes in direction and transition between gaits. Slightly ambling
walk, swift trot with good reach and suspension. The gallop is
energetic and fast.
SKIN: Thin, pigmented, tight. Terceira Cattle Dog (Barbado da
COAT: Long, dense, slightly wavy, neither straight nor
curled, with abundant
undercoat all over the body. Work clipping is admissible, shortening
the coat evenly,
and should be used in conformation dog shows.
HAIR: Strong, slightly thick but not harsh. Dense in the whole head,
muzzle and over
the eyes, covering them. Abundant in the jaws, forming the beards
that give the breed its name. In the limbs the hairs is dense,
including between the toes. Abundant in the tail down to the tip.
COLOUR: Yellow, grey, black, fawn and wolf grey in the pale, common
shades. Can have white patches in the hands and/or feet, pectoral,
throat, neck (forming a collar), chest, belly and tip of tail.
HEIGHT AND WEIGHT:
Height at the withers: Males: 52-58 cm.
Females: 48-54 cm.
Weight: Males: 25-30 Kg.
Females: 21-26 Kg.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the
seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in
exact proportion to its degree.
• Behaviour – Shyness and aggressiveness.
• Nose – Marbled.
• Muzzle – Pointed and narrow.
• Coat – Soft and without undercoat. White patches outside the
limits set by the
• Height – Excessive (over 60 cm) or too low (under 48 cm).
• Movements – Without reach and propulsion.
• Jaws – Undershot or overshot.
• Eyes – Total or partially blue.
• Coat – Brown or merle.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall
N.B.: Males animals should have two apparently normal testicles
fully descended into